Specific area: HO - Climate Change, Environmental Degradation
Duration: February 2022 - Ongoing
The Gran Chaco is an ecological region with more than one million km² spread across the territories of four countries: Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia and Brazil. This Action will mainly focus on the first three countries. The region presents great environmental diversity and a great variety of available resources, and has the second biggest biodiversity and forest areas of the continent, just after the Amazon rainforest.
The region, although comprising four different countries, has its own identity and has historically been the object of internal or transborder migration as the result of continuous land borders and navigable rivers, lose border management, and an indigenous population that circulates within the territory in search of economic opportunities. Nonetheless, environmental degradation, caused by climate change, natural disasters and man-made factors in recent years, has driven the migratory phenomenon even more. The Gran Chaco region is one particularly vulnerable area within this context. Indeed, the main environmental and climate threats facing the region are: deforestation, air and water pollution, floods, droughts, forest fires, landslides, erosion, desertification and changes in soil usage.
It is in this context that 10 partners, including subnational governments, civil society organisations, regional organisations and academia, requested the support from MIEUX+. In fact, partners will address environmental migration in the region as a common challenge and work together on solutions to contribute to an effective and coordinated management of environmental migration at subnational level. Building from the previous Action Ecuador II (support to local governments in LAC in addressing migration linked to climate change through peer-to-peer knowledge exchange), this is the first regional project that MIEUX+ is conducting (read more here about the new types of Actions).
This project will pay a special attention to rural and indigenous communities who are, generally, the poorest and most vulnerable populations.